Do you need a simple outdoor idea for a great activity you can do right in your local town or forested area this summer? Find a small pond near home and your kids will spend hours of enjoyment outside with a net and a bucket exploring the world of wildlife that exists beneath the surface of a small pond. The summer is a perfect time to get adventurous and give ponding a try!
All you really need for ponding is a net (fishnets work great) and a bucket. But speaking from experience teaching many science lessons catching and looking at aquatic invertebrates I can provide some tips for making the experience a little more successful.
1. Using a white bucket is very helpful for seeing what you have caught! The perfect ponding bucket is actually a white dishpan.
2. Catching technique: Encourage the kids to swish their net above the surface of the bottom of the pond back and forth quickly three or four times and then pick up their net and look for movement in the net. Pick out the insects and put them in the white bucket rather than dumping the net with all the leaves etc into the bucket. This allows you to see what you catch easier.
3. Bring along a field guide to pond life or your phone or camera so you can snap photos of what you catch and look them up later! You might be surprised how interesting the larval stage of many common insects appear. Dragonflys, Damselflys, and beetle larvae are all very common and fun to observe (to name just a few!)
4. After you catch into a big bucket get an white ice cube tray or deviled egg tray and use spoons to sort and count the types of animals you catch.
5. Art and Nature Connection: Encourage your kids to use their scientific observation skills and to draw their favorite pond animal after you catch-remind them in scientific drawing to be as accurate as possible!
Science and Inquiry Connections:
1. For a deeper exploration try ponding in the same place week after week (or every few weeks) as the spring turns to summer and through the summer. Encourage them to record their findings. It is a very cool experience to see how the pond life changes as the summer progresses. Encourage them to predict how they think the pond might change through the season in diversity and total numbers etc. Have them test their hypothesis by collecting data throughout the season and recording their observations in a nature journal.
2. Also studying larval pond life gives you a perfect chance to learn about metamorphosis…show the kids pictures of the larval and then adult stages of the same insects or animals and discuss how they are similar and different and explore the term “life cycle”.